Air is one of the

In this blog I am going to show the calculation of the cost to make compressed air and hope this information will be sufficient to understand the uniqueness and energy saving features of **EXAIR intelligent compressed Air products**.

For electric motors, the power is described either in kilowatts (KW) or horsepower (hp).

1 hp=0.746 KW

The electric companies charge at a rate of kilowatt-hour (KWh).

So, we can determine the energy cost to spin the electric motors.

If your air compressor has a unit of horsepower, or hp, you can use

Equation 1:

Energy Cost= hp × 0.746 × hours × rate / (motor efficiency)

where:

hp – horsepower of motor

0.746 – conversion to KW

hours – running time

rate – cost for electricity, KWh

motor efficiency – average for an electric motor is 90%.

If the air compressor motor is rated in kilowatts, or KW, then the above equation can become a little simpler, as seen in Equation 2:

__Equation 2__:

KW × hours × rate / (motor efficiency)

__where:__

KW – Kilowatts of motor

hours – running time

rate – cost for electricity, KWh

motor efficiency – average for an electric motor is 90%.

**Example:** a manufacturing plant operates 250 day a year with 8-hour shifts. The cycle time for the air compressor is roughly 50% on and off. To calculate the hours of running time, we have 250 days at 8 hours/day with a 50% duty cycle, or 250 × 8 × 0.50 = 1,000 hours of running per year. The air compressor that they have is a 100 hp rotary screw. The electrical rate for this facility is at Rs 9.4 /KWh. With these factors, the annual cost can be calculated by Equation 1:

100hp × 0.746 KW/hp × 1,000hr × Rs 9.4 /KWh / 0.90 = Rs 779,156 per year.

In both equations, you can substitute your information to see what you actually pay to make compressed air each year at your facility.

The type of air compressor can help in the amount of compressed air that can be produced by the electric motor. Generally, the production rate can be expressed in different ways, but I like to use cubic feet per minute per horsepower, or CFM/hp.

The positive displacement type compressors have different values depending on how efficient the design. For a single-acting piston type air compressor, the amount of air is between 3.1 to 3.3 CFM/hp. So, if you have a 10 hp single-acting piston, you can produce between 31 to 33 CFM of compressed air. For a 10 hp double-acting piston type, it can produce roughly 4.7 to 5.0 CFM/hp. As you can see, the double-acting air compressor can produce more compressed air at the same horsepower.

The rotary screws are roughly 3.4 to 4.1 CFM/hp. While the dynamic type of air compressor is roughly 3.7 – 4.7 CFM/hr. If you know the type of air compressor that you have, you can calculate the amount of compressed air that you can produce per horsepower.

With this information, we can estimate the total cost to make compressed air as shown in Equation 3:

__Equation 3:__

C = 1000 * Rate * 0.746 / (PR * 60)

__where:__

C – Cost of compressed air (Rs per 1000 cubic feet)

1000 – Scalar

Rate – cost of electricity (KWh)

0.746 – conversion hp to KW

PR – Production Rate (CFM/hp)

60 – conversion from minutes to hour

So, if we look at the average of 4 CFM/hp and an average electrical rate of Rs 9.40 /KWh, we can use Equation 3 to determine the average cost to make 1000 cubic feet of air.

C = 1000 * Rs 9.40 /KWh * 0.746 / (4 CFM/hp * 60) = Rs 29 /1000ft3.

Once you have established a cost for compressed air, then you can determine which areas to start saving money. One of the worst culprits for inefficient air use is open pipe blow-offs. This would include cheap air guns, drilled holes in pipes, and tubes. These are very inefficient for compressed air and can cost you a lot of money. I will share a comparison to a 1/8” NPT pipe to an EXAIR Mini Super Air Nozzle. (Reference below). As you can see, by just adding the EXAIR nozzle to the end of the pipe, the company was able to save per year. That is some real savings

The table above shows the air consumption for typical homemade blowoff s. The pages that follow give the air consumption and other data on EXAIR's Air Nozzles and Jets. Consider the following example where a Model 1102 Mini Super Air Nozzle replaces an 1/8" open pipe. The compressed air savings is easy to calculate and proves to be dramatic. Payout for Air Nozzles and Jets, including filter and installation cost is measured in weeks - not years, as is the case for other cost reduction equipment. Based on a 40 hour work week, 52 weeks a year.

Example:

1. Existing blowoff is 1/8" open pipe at 80 PSIG (5.5 BAR) supply.

Air consumption, from the table above, is 70 SCFM (1,981 SLPM).

2. Use a 1/8 FNPT Model 1102 Mini Super Air Nozzle also at 80 PSIG (5.5 BAR) supply. Air consumption, from the image below, is 10 SCFM (283 SLPM).

3. Compressed air saved = 70 - 10 = 60 SCFM (1,981 - 283 =1,698 SLPM)

4. For this example, the blowoff is continuous. If the duty cycle was 20%, then air saved would be 60 x .2 = 12 SCFM (1,698 x .2 = 340 SLPM).

5. Most large plants know their cost per 1,000 standard cubic feet of compressed air (10,000 standard liters). If you don't know your actual cost per 1,000 SCF, Rs 29 is a reasonable average to use.

(Cost per 10,000 standard liters is approximately Rs 10 )

6. Money saved per hour = SCFM saved x 60 minutes x
cost/1,000 SCF

(SLPM saved x 60 min x cost/10,000 SL)

= 60 x 60 x Rs 29 /1,000

(= 1,698 x 60 x Rs 10 /10,000)

=Rs 104/hour that is =Rs 4160/week and Rs 216,320/year savings for one nozzle.

Padmalochan Nayak

Vivek Engineers#22, 1st Floor, 1st Cross, Bilekahalli Indl. Area, Adj. IIMB Compound, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore - 560 076 Ph : 080 - 2648 1309, 4170 1145. | |||

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